Synonym(s): Cotoneaster pyracantha
Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Duration and Habit: Perennial Shrub
Firethorn is a large, evergreen shrub that is cherished for its spectacular fall and winter display of scarlet fruits and ability to withstand dry and droughty conditions. Shooting long lanky stems in all directions, firethorn typically grows into a tangled mound up to 10 ft (3.1 m) in height and 12 ft (3.7 m) wide. It is armed with sharp thorns that hide among the dark, glossy green leaves. Clusters (corymbs) of small white flowers appear in spring.
Native Lookalikes: Currently no information available here yet, or there are no native Texas species that could be confused with Scarlet firethorn.
Ecological Threat: Out competes native species in forested areas.
Biology & Spread: Birds readily eat berries and disperse seeds.
U.S. Nativity: Introduced to U.S.
Native Origin: Southern Europe to Caucasus Mountains in western Asia.
U.S. Present: AL, CA, DC, LA, MS, NM, OH, OR, PA, TX, UT
Distribution in Texas: Firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea) is native within a range extending from southern Europe to Caucasus Mountains in western Asia.
Invaders of Texas Map: Pyracantha coccinea
EDDMapS: Pyracantha coccinea
USDA Plants Texas County Map: Pyracantha coccinea
List All Observations of Pyracantha coccinea reported by Citizen Scientists
Floridata. 2005. Pyracantha coccinea. (Accessed 20 August 2010: http://www.floridata.com/ref/p/pyra_coc.cfm)
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Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States: Pyracantha coccinea
Bugwood Network Images: Pyracantha coccinea