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Federal Noxious Weed
TDA Noxious Weed
TPWD Prohibited Exotic Species
Invasive Plant Atlas of the US

NOTE: means species is on that list.

Ficus religiosa


Peepul Tree

Synonym(s):
Family: Moraceae (Mulberry Family)
Duration and Habit: Perennial Tree


Photographer: Walter Hodge
Source: USF Herbarium SLide Collection

Description

Trees , evergreen, to 30 m. Bark of trunks and older branches brown, smooth. Branchlets glabrous. Leaves: stipules ovate, to 5 cm; petiole slender, 3.5-13 cm. Leaf blade broadly ovate to ovate-orbiculate, 7-25 x 4-16 cm, thinly leathery, base rounded to truncate, margins entire, occasionally wavy, apex abruptly long-caudate or long-acuminate, tip to 2.5-9 cm; surfaces occasionally glaucous, glabrous; basal veins 2(-3) pairs; lateral veins 6-9 pairs, the main veins finely reticulate. Syconia paired, sessile, dark purple, nearly globose, 1-1.5 x 1-1.5 cm, glabrous; subtending bracts ovate, 3-5 mm, silky-puberulous; ostiole closed by 3 bracts 2-3 mm wide, umbonate. Flowering all year.

Native Lookalikes: Currently no information available, or there are no native species that could be confused with Peepul Tree.

Ecological Threat:

Biology & Spread: This species reported to be able to set viable seeds in two places, Israel and Florida. In Israel, the pollinator wasp successfully invaded and established allowing the tree to begin to spread. In Florida, sporadic seeding events have been documented, though have not persisted, perhaps due to an unsuccessful colonization of the associated pollinator wasp or an intrusion from a pollinator wasp of the native Ficus aurea.

History: It is said to be the tree that Buddha was born under and also where he sat for six years of meditation and enlightenment. Elsewhere in the world and in Hawai'i, trees are occasionally cultivated and are most often seen planted near temples. This large tree with attractive heart shaped glossy leaves is also occasionally planted as a specimen tree in landscaping for it's aesthetic shape and form.

U.S. Habitat: Disturbed thickets

Distribution

U.S. Nativity: Introduced to U.S.

Native Origin: India and Southeast Asia

U.S. Present: FL

Distribution: Southern California, Florida, and Hawai'i

Mapping

Invaders of Texas Map: Ficus religiosa
EDDMapS: Ficus religiosa
USDA Plants Texas County Map: Ficus religiosa

Native Alternatives

Management



Physical- F. religiosa can most likely be cut down but will probably re-growwithout chemical treatment.

Chemical- A cut stump treatment with a chemical such as Garlon (triclopyr)would probably be effective in control.

Biological- Currently there are no known biological controls for F. religiosa.

USE PESTICIDES WISELY: ALWAYS READ THE ENTIRE PESTICIDE LABEL CAREFULLY, FOLLOW ALL MIXING AND APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS AND WEAR ALL RECOMMENDED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE GEAR AND CLOTHING. CONTACT YOUR STATE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOR ANY ADDITIONAL PESTICIDE USE REQUIREMENTS, RESTRICTIONS OR RECOMMENDATIONS. MENTION OF PESTICIDE PRODUCTS ON THIS WEB SITE DOES NOT CONSTITUTE ENDORSEMENT OF ANY MATERIAL.

Text References

Nadel, H., J.H. Frank, and R.J. Knight. 1992. Escapees and accomplices: The naturalization of exotic Ficus and their associated faunas in Florida. Florida Entomologist 75(1):29-38.

Richard, P.W. 2008. Fora of North America: Ficus religiosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1059. 1753. Accessed 21 Novemeber 2008: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200006369.

Starr F., K. Starr, and L. Loope. 2003. Ficus religiosa. United States Geological Survey--Biological Resources Division Haleakala Field Station, Maui, Hawai'i.

Online Resources

Search Online

Google Search: Ficus religiosa
Google Images: Ficus religiosa
NatureServe Explorer: Ficus religiosa
USDA Plants: Ficus religiosa
Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States: Ficus religiosa
Bugwood Network Images: Ficus religiosa

Last Updated: 2008-11-24 by HTG
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